ACRI- Sustainable Cocoa Supply Working Group
To assure a sustainable and geographically diverse supply of quality cocoa with emphasis on economic, social and environmental factors.
ACRI encourages cocoa growing practices that are friendly to the environment. To develop awareness and promote practical changes, working relationships have been established with environmental groups including Conservation International. Maximizing biodiversity and the sustainability of tropical ecosystems is a key goal.
A goal of ACRI is to identify new and/or dormant regions with a tradition of smallholder agricultuer and begin to introduce or increase cocoa production. The ultimate aim is to reach commercial levels of production within 10 years.
An important focus of ACRI is to improve cocoa smallholder income by providing low cost technology transfer that will include improving yield, quality, collection, marketing and credit.
Integrated Crop Management
A major focus has been the implementation of ICM techniques in cocoa-growing countries. These programs are aimed at developing biological and other methods to control pests and diseases while minimizing pesticide use.
ACRI is developing an integrated ICM program plan that identifies the issues affecting the industry and outlines research and educational approaches to deal with them [ICM chart]. Additionally, research is underway to control several pests, including the cocoa pod borer, capsids and moths.
Visit The Cocoa IPM World Wide Web PageBreeding
Extensive research has resulted in superior hybrids that are now grown throughout the cocoa-growing regions. Also, high-yielding clones have been successfully developed and grafted onto rootstock. Resistance to infection by the fungus that causes Witches' Broom disease has been demonstrated, and new resistant cacao varieties are being developed. Extensive research continues to develop varieties resistant to other diseases, including monilia and black pod. Biotechnology reasearch continues to identify modern techniques to produce improved cocoa plants.
- CR-20 "Evaluation for Witches' Broom Resistance in Brazil"
- CR-21 "Swollen Shoot Virus in Ghana"
- CR-22 "Maintenance of CATIE Germplasm Collection"
- CR-23 "Genetic Study of Cocoa Butter Yield"
- CR-26 "Witches' Broom Demonstration Plot"
- CR-29 "Monilia Resistant Cocoa Genotypes"
- CR-30 "Screening of Belem Collection for Witches' Broom Resistance"
- CR-31 "Witches' Broom Strategy Document"
- CR-32 "Cocoa Growing in Vietnam"
- CR-33 "Screening for Witches' Broom (WB) in the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad (ICG'T)"
- S-16 "IPM Approach to Cocoa Pod Borer Management in Indonesia"
- S-17 "IPM Project in the Ghana Cocoa Industry"
- S-18 "Use of Black Ants to Control the CPB"
- S-19 "Bio-assay with Bt and Neem Tree Oil as Almond and Cigarette Beetle Repellents; Small Scale 'Bag Test' "
- S-21 "Commercial Scale Production of an Egg Parasite to Control the CPB"
- S-23 "Cocoa Information System"
- S-25 "Environmental Requirements for Development of the Almond Moth"
- S-26 "Integration of Cocoa Culture with Tropical Rain Forest, and its Beneficial Implications"
- S-29 "Cocoa Mirids, Mycoinsecticides, and Pheromones in Ghana"
- S-30 "Field Testing Neem Tree Oil and B.t. - USDA Grant"
Sustainable Cocoa Supply Partnership Programs
- SC-98-1 "IPM and Sustainable Land Management - Cote d'Ivoire"
- SC-98-2 "Cocoa Development Program - Peru"
- SC-98-3 "Establishment of Biodiversity Friendly Cocoa Agroforests in Panama"
- SC-98-4 "Cocoa Competitive Organisms - STRI"
- SC-99-1 "Cocoa Technical Assistance - Dominican Republic"
- SC-99-2 "Cocoa Farm Survey: Shade Management"
- SC-99-3 "Sustainable Tree Crops Program in Africa"
USDA Cocoa Research Program under Alternative Crops Development
- S-28 "Biocontrol of Cacao Diseases"
Members: Complete Project Listing with Summaries