ACRI Logo ACRI - Sustainable Cocoa Program Overview

The Sustainable Cocoa Program is a new research initiative for the American Cocoa Research Institute (ACRI) that builds on more than 50 years of experience in basic and applies cocoa research.

Sustainable cocoa agriculture refers to cocoa production in which the farmer increases or maintains productivity at levels that are economically viable, ecologically sound, and culturally acceptable, through efficient management of resources. By promoting this research, the chocolate industry can play a major role in securing the economics of small holder farms in cocoa-growing countries.

The vision of the Sustainable Cocoa Program is to have a sustainable and geographically diverse supply of cocoa within 10 years by developing a comprehensive, integrated approach to cocoa research. Working in partnership with other research institutions, donor agencies, industry, governments, foundations, the environmental community, and farmer organizations, this program seeks to build an international co-operation. This will not only help assure a continuing supply of cocoa, but will also help contribute to global goals of conserving biodiversity and tropical forest ecosystems, and improving the livelihood of small farmers.

The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) held the first international conference on "Sustainable Cocoa Growing" in Panama. This conference brought together for the first time key scientists conducting research on cocoa sustainability. A major outcome was a Consensus Statement that validated the importance of cocoa in a sustainable ecological system. These documents are available on the Smithsonian Institution's Worldwide Web page

There are five basic program areas envisioned in the Sustainable Cocoa Program, all of which link together to form an integrated approach to sustainable cocoa growing - see the SCP Structure Diagram.

  • CR-20 "Evaluation for Witches' Broom Resistance in Brazil"
  • CR-21 "Swollen Shoot Virus in Ghana"
  • CR-22 "Maintenance of CATIE Germplasm Collection"
  • CR-23 "Genetic Study of Cocoa Butter Yield"
  • CR-26 "Witches' Broom Demonstration Plot"
  • CR-29 "Monilia Resistant Cocoa Genotypes"
  • CR-30 "Screening of Belem Collection for Witches' Broom Resistance"
  • CR-31 "Witches' Broom Strategy Document"
  • CR-32 "Cocoa Growing in Vietnam"
  • CR-33 "Screening for Witches' Broom (WB) in the International Cocoa Genebank, Trinidad (ICG'T)"
  • S-16 "IPM Approach to Cocoa Pod Borer Management in Indonesia"
  • S-17 "IPM Project in the Ghana Cocoa Industry"
  • S-18 "Use of Black Ants to Control the CPB"
  • S-19 "Bio-assay with Bt and Neem Tree Oil as Almond and Cigarette Beetle Repellents; Small Scale 'Bag Test' "
  • S-21 "Commercial Scale Production of an Egg Parasite to Control the CPB"
  • S-23 "Cocoa Information System"
  • S-25 "Environmental Requirements for Development of the Almond Moth"
  • S-26 "Integration of Cocoa Culture with Tropical Rain Forest, and its Beneficial Implications"
  • S-29 "Cocoa Mirids, Mycoinsecticides, and Pheromones in Ghana"
  • S-30 "Field Testing Neem Tree Oil and B.t. - USDA Grant"
  • Details on Entire Program

    Sustainable Cocoa Supply Partnership Programs

  • SC-98-1 "IPM and Sustainable Land Management - Cote d'Ivoire"
  • SC-98-2 "Cocoa Development Program - Peru"
  • SC-98-3 "Establishment of Biodiversity Friendly Cocoa Agroforests in Panama"
  • SC-98-4 "Cocoa Competitive Organisms - STRI"
  • SC-99-1 "Cocoa Technical Assistance - Dominican Republic"
  • SC-99-2 "Cocoa Farm Survey: Shade Management"

    USDA Cocoa Research Program under Alternative Crops Development

  • S-28 "Biocontrol of Cacao Diseases"

Members: Complete Project Listing with Summaries

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